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These injunctions are uniformly summed up in the simple words: "The first charge is this that you be true to God and Holy Church and use no error or heresy".
 The radical contrast between the two types is obvious.
 This derivation, though harmonizing with the meaning of the term, seemed unsatisfactory to some scholars.
 In the former sense it is commonly derived from , a mason hewing or building in free (ornamental) stone in opposition to a rough (stone) mason.
The same number is adopted by Whitehead  "as the pith of the researches of the ablest masonic writers".
The principle of them are  In truth there is no authority in Freemasonry to constitute such "unchangeable" landmarks or fundamental laws.
These freemasons formed a universal craft for themselves, with a system of secret signs and passwords by which a craftsman, who had been admitted on giving evidence of competent skill, could be recognized.) Period  while others pretend that Masonic science "existed before the creation of this globe, diffused amidst the numerous systems with which the grand empyreum of universal space is furnished". It is not then difficult to understand that the attempt to prove the antiquity of Freemasonry with evidence supplied by such monuments of the past as the Pyramids and the Obelisk (removed to New York in 1879) should have resulted in an extensive literature concerning these objects.As the best German authorities admit , speculative Masonry began with the foundation of the Grand Lodge of England, 24 June, 1717, and its essential organization was completed in 1722 by the adoption of the new "Book of Constitutions" and of the three degrees: apprentice, fellow, master.All the ablest and most conscientious investigations by competent Masonic historians show, that in 1717 the old lodges had almost ceased to exist.